Household Energy Saving Checklist
When comparing an average house to an energy efficient house, it is possible to reduce annual energy bills by upwards of 20 or 30 percent. To obtain such a reduction, homeowners can plan for a mix of low- or no-cost energy conservation measures and more in-depth energy efficiency measures. This is both an environmentally friendly and economically sound approach. A good place to start is to consider how the average house uses energy. According to the U.S. Department of Energy, energy use for the average home is as follows.
- Space heating 54%
- Lighting, electronics, and appliances 26%
- Water heating 19%
- Cooling 1%
As you develop your home energy savings plan, the first task is to identify problem areas. The above list of household energy uses suggests a place to start—the higher energy uses (i.e. space heating) have the greatest potential for savings. That said, it’s important to remember that the above list is simply an average of all homes, many of which do not have active cooling systems. If your home does have an active cooling system (i.e. air conditioner, evaporative cooler), your energy use for cooling is going to be a much higher percentage of your overall energy use. A home energy audit could help identify the energy waste in your specific home.